The agreement for the establishment of an International Centre for the Integrated Management of Watershed (IWM) and Bio-Resources in Arid and Semi-Arid Regions in the Islamic Republic of Iran was signed and exchanged between the Ministry of Agriculture Jahad (MAJ) and UNESCO.
According to FRWO’s website, Minister of Agriculture Jahad in this ceremony held in MAJ Headquarter considered the establishment of an International Centre for the Integrated Management of Watershed (IWM) and Bio-Resources in Arid and Semi-Arid Regions in Iran a pleasant event and reminded: “As a country that is located in an arid and semi-arid region, Iran has valuable and excellent experiences in adapting to difficult climatic conditions, sustainable use of soil and water resources, indigenous knowledge of conservation and the storage of precipitation, harvesting of groundwater through Qantas, the historic hydraulic structures with over several hundred years of age, agricultural development on slopes area and etc. Based on successfully implementation and experiences of several watershed management activities, the Islamic Republic of Iran proudly welcomes and announces its strong support for the establishment of the subject center in Iran”.
In the final part of ceremony, Dr. Masoud Mansour, Deputy Minister and Head of FRWO referring to FRWO’s objectives and mission said: “Iran is located in an arid and semi-arid region and one of the serious problems of our land is water erosion.
He noted: “Some 125 million hectares of the country area are in the realm of water erosion and the preservation of basic resources, especially water and soil resources has the great importance for FRWO.”
Dr. Massoud Mansour noted: "To control water and soil erosion, FRWO carries out IWM operations in 30 million hectares and, of which IWM projects are implemented in 1.2 million hectares this year".
Mansour said that implementation of IWM per hectare harvests some
530 cubic meters water and prevents 4 tons per hectare soil erosion
in arid and semi-arid areas.
He reiterated:"FRWO mandated to use all capacities to preserve and restore the country's natural resources, especially forests within IWM approach and protecting the country's natural resources specially water and soil resources. This center in principle is a platform that accommodates soil conservation and sedimentation, IWM, global changes and climate variability in arid and semi-arid regions, climate change impacts on the hydrological cycle and resulting impact on water resources, hydro hazards, hydrological extremes and water-related disasters".