Natural Resources in the Constitution


Natural Resources in the Constitution


The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran is a declaration of the social, cultural, political, and economic foundations of the Iranian society based on Islamic principles and norms that reflect the heartfelt desire of the Islamic community. These fundamental desires are elaborated in the qualities of the great Islamic revolution of Iran, and the revolutionary process of the Muslim people, from the beginning to the victory; principles which were crystallized through the decisive and strong slogans of a ll segments of society. Now at the dawn of this great victory our nation longs wholeheartedly to realize this demand

Article 45:

The following are under the control of the Islamic government: wastelands and public wealth, abandoned or unclaimed land of deceased owners, mines, seas, lakes, rivers, and other public bodies of water , mountains , valleys, forests, marshlands, natural prairies,

unrestricted pastures, inheritance without any heir, wealth without any identified owner, and public wealth that is confiscated from the

usurpers. The Islamic government will treat these in accordance with the public interest. The law shall determine the detail and manner

of utilization of each of them.

Article 50:

In the Islamic Republic it is considered a public duty to preserve the environment where the present and the future generations may have an improved social life. Consequently, any activity, economic or other, that leads to the pollution of the environment or its irreparable damage will be forbidden.

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